Advanced Search

If you are familiar with Reference Manager, Advanced Search provides the same search functionality. If you have not used Reference Manager, read further for details about searching Reference Manager databases.

 

 

Restricting Searches to Specific Fields

Use the Field column to refine your search by selecting a specific field or range of fields to search.

 

For example, to find references published in 2002, restrict the search to the Year field to avoid finding entries that include 2002 in the abstract, title, or elsewhere.

 

By default, the field names in the Field list are Reference Manager's "Generic" field names. For example, Author represents Reporter, Editor, Artist or any other variations of the Author field used in the different reference types.

Field Information

Authors

All Author fields are searched (Primary, Secondary, etc.). To search only one author field, select that specific field name, such as "Authors, Primary."
 

Searching is not case-sensitive, you can search for last name only, you can use a wildcard in the search, and you can search for the author name found in the record or a synonym.

Keywords

Searching is not case-sensitive, and you can search for the keyword found in the record or a synonym.

Periodicals or Source

Search for either the full name, standard abbreviation, or a user-defined synonym. Searching is not case-sensitive, and you can use the wildcard character (*).

Year

Use the Year field to search the Date, Primary field for the year only. You can search for a specific year (1999), a group of years (1999, 2001, 2004), or a range of years (2000-2004).

Titles, Notes, Abstracts, and Address

Search for any combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Case is not sensitive, but spaces and spelling are significant.

A wildcard is implied at the end of each term. Don't add an asterisk (*) unless you are searching for the asterisk symbol. To search for a whole word, add a space after the word.

Reference Type

Search based on the type of reference (Journal, Book Chapter, etc.).

Pending Reprints

Search for references for which you are awaiting reprints by entering the date of request. Enter the date in the format specified in the Windows Control Panel on the Regional Settings dialog.

Reference ID

Search for references by Ref ID. You can search for a specific Ref ID (110), a group (110, 45, 134), a range (120-125), or a combination (110, 45, 120-122, 134).

Non-Indexed Fields

Search all non-indexed fields. Search for any combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Case is not sensitive, but spaces and spelling are significant. An asterisk wildcard is assumed at the end of the parameter.

Indexed Fields

 

Search all indexed fields, which include the Ref ID, Author, Year, and Periodical fields. Case is not sensitive, but spaces and spelling are significant. Enter complete terms or add an asterisk at the end.

Page Numbers, Web/URL, Volume, Issue, Publisher, Publication Place, ISSN/ISBN, Availability, Misc., User Defined

Search for any combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Case is not sensitive, but spaces and spelling are significant.

 

A wildcard is implied at the end of each term. Don't add an asterisk (*) unless you are searching for the asterisk symbol. To search for a whole word, add a space after the word.

Connecting Search Items with "And," "Or," and  "Not"

Logical operators, also known as Boolean operators, include the operators "And," "Or," and "Not." You can use them to combine searching lines or to combine terms within a parameter.

Connecting Search Lines

You can combine search lines in Reference Manager using the Boolean operators to produce the following effects:

 

And finds references that match the preceding search line(s) and the following search line. "And" narrows search results.

 

Example:  A search for "triceratops" And "extinction" finds only those references that mention both terms.

 

Or finds references that match either the preceding search item(s) or following search term. "Or" broadens the search.

 

Example:  A search for "triceratops" Or "extinction" finds all references that include either term.

 

Not finds all references containing the preceding term(s) and then omits references that contain the subsequent term. "Not" narrows search results.

 

Example:  A search for "triceratops" Not "extinction" finds all references including "triceratops," excluding any triceratops references that mentioned extinction.

 

You can use these operators ("And," "Or," and "Not") in sequence with as many search lines as necessary to build your search strategy.

 

Items in combination searches are executed from the top to the bottom of the Search window. For example, if you have entered four search lines in the Search window, Reference Manager carries out the search by combining the results of the first two lines with the third search line. Those results are combined with the fourth search line to produce the final search results.

Connecting Terms Within a Search Line

You can also use the logical, or Boolean, connectors on the same search line.  If you are searching for multiple terms in the same field, you can type all of the terms in the same parameter field. Between terms, type the logical connector between phrases in the parameter field. Separate each term you have entered with curly braces in order to separate and identify your terms.