Search Tips

Searching for Partial Words

To search for partial words in indexed fields (keywords, periodicals, and authors), add an asterisk to the end of a term. The asterisk acts as a wildcard, and represents any number of characters. Search results will include all words that begin with the letters you entered, regardless of what comes after.


For example, a search for the keyword "leu*" could match "leukemia," leucopoenia," "leukocyte," and leukotriene."

When searching non-indexed fields (such as Title, Notes, Abstract, or Address), an asterisk is implied. Do not add an asterisk unless you are actually searching for that character within your references.

Searching for Whole Words

When searching in indexed fields (keywords, periodicals, and authors), Reference Manager looks for whole words.


Non-indexed fields (such as Title, Notes, Abstract, or Address) assume a wildcard at the end of the term. To search these fields for a whole word, enter the word followed by a space. For example, to retrieve references that contain the complete word "local," enter the term "local" followed by a space.


When you search for the whole word followed by a space, any other words that start with the text "local," such as localization, are not included in the search results.

Searching for Phrases

To search for a phrase in indexed fields, enter the complete term or add an asterisk at the end of the parameter.


For non-indexed fields, simply enter the text and search, as an asterisk is assumed at the end of the parameter.

Searching for Non-English Characters

You can search for non-English characters in the authors, keywords, titles, and notes fields. Letters such as ë, ü, and î match those letters exactly. Thus a search for "résumé" will not find "resume."


To retrieve characters such as an asterisk or curly bracket in an indexed field, precede the character with a forward slash. For example, to search for an asterisk, type "\*".

Searching for a Group or Range of Items

In the Date, Publication year, and Reference ID fields, you can search for one item, a group of items, or a range of items.


To search for several, non-contiguous items, use commas between the items. For example, you could search for the years "1990,1993,1998". Do not include a space after the commas in the list.


To search for a range of items, use a hyphen. For example, you could search for a range of years, "2000-2004".

Searching Multiple Databases

To allow searching across multiple databases, apply the same Database Sort Order to all databases. If your databases have different sort orders applied, searching across All Databases is not available as an option for searching.